Manar Maged of Egypt became the first baby to survive an operation to remove a parasitic head. She was born with an extremely rare medical condition called craniopagus parasiticus (sometimes called "parasitic twin"): a type of conjoined twin where the twins are attached at the head and one fails to develop completely in the womb, becoming completely dependent upon the other.
On 19 February, 2005, Manar underwent a thirteen-hour operation in Benha, Egypt, to remove her twin. The operation was successful, and by 28 May she had recovered enough to go home. Her twin, who had been named Islaam, died on the operating table when the separation was carried out, and was buried by her family. Manar died following a severe brain infection on March 25, 2006, 13 months after her successful operation.
[ Source of information: Documenting Reality ]